We have such names that they received for the fact that they were very hungry. There is nothing marine in them, except for the name. On average, from 5 to 6 years, the length is usually up to 30 centimeters. These are domesticated mushrooms from South America, which even Incas contain, mainly for gastronomic purposes. Introduced across the ocean to Europe have become strict decorative pets. Now there are already many breeds of this amazing animal. They can reach a weight of up to 4 kilograms, and their thickness is about half a meter, and they are currently held in Latin American countries as a source of meat and skins. And such small or dwarf species do not exist among these animals.
American guinea pig – famous breed, which is sometimes even called English. It has a short straight coat of various colors with a transparent sheen. Eye color, large enough in size, can also be very different. This wool is silky smooth to the touch. Among the colors of her coat there are even lilac and red.
Her wide nose is slightly twisted. It has medium sizes among species, likes to play with toys, is mobile. It is better to keep these animals in pairs, so they live longer.
This guinea pig is the longest, she looks like a small female wig. According to officially registered in 1930 standard
- length can be up to 30-50 centimeters;
- parting in the form of a straight line along the ridge;
- long bangs cover the entire muzzle of this pig;
- a pair of sockets in the sacrum;
- a slight twist of wool on the nose, which then turns into "whiskers".
Peruvian guinea pigs have a short coat. On the palms between the fingers are short hair.
Abyssinian breed has another name – outlet. They started talking about her at the end of the 20th century. Appeared in the 60s by mutating wool. Woolen rosettes that give the stomach an unusual look. Each outlet has a more or less pronounced center, from which the hairs grow in different directions. Ideally, the number of outlets in the breed is twelve large outlets throughout the body, plus two more small symmetrical ones on the nose. But the presence of sockets on the nose is not necessary, the main thing is the presence of eight main ones. Their ears are drooping, do not stick out.
The coat is of medium length and stiffness, the hair is straight about 4-5 centimeters, should not be curled. The ridges between the sockets are clear, never interrupted. There should be a thick mustache and big clear eyes.
Abyssinian satin differs from a simple Abyssinian dark, which has the so-called satin wool. This wool has a full shape, so that the light easily passes through the hair, and they look unusually shiny and iridescent. Also, the coat is softer to the touch. This makes the satin specimens unusually decorative. Dark satin rocks can be no less shiny. But this is a brilliance of a different nature. Satin wool is always plain and its color is associated with the eyes.
In satin pigs, the following colors are observed: black, chocolate, lilac, beige, red, gold, buffalo, saffron, cream and white. The satin effect looks very interesting on rosettes and ridges of the Abyssinian breed.
In almost all breeds of guinea pigs, there are special ones in which satin effect. Of course, the satin gene did not bypass the not common American mumps. The extraordinary sheen of silky plain wool is the hallmark of all satin pigs. All you need for sale is American pigs, then if you decide to transfer a satin pig, most likely it will be "American". Smooth-haired American with a satin effect looks very beautiful.
Another long-haired breed of pigs. She has no outlets. Wool grow from head to tail and fall on the sides. Long hair grows, appears between the ears and creates the effect of mane. Fine coat of silky texture and shine, i.e. silk. Shelti was also called Angora for a long time. The shape of the body on top is like a drop. The colors of the coat and the color of large eyes may vary.
This was the result of painstaking selection and appeared about twenty years ago. Coronets pink (crowns) on the head, thanks to which they got their name. This is a long-haired breed with even parting on the back and hairs that thin out towards the end. The fur can lie on the sides, and can cut or wrap in papillots. They do not recommend doing ponytails, since the fur can be cut off from this.
Colors can be very different. Like all long-haired animals, requiring a lot of time to care for the coat.
Recognized breed in 1978, arose due to an unusual, but successful mutation. Teddy. It was received in Canada. They have a thick, short (up to two centimeters) coat. She looks like a stuffed toy. The compact dimensions of a rather large body complement this similarity. Roman nose with a hump. She becomes more rigid, and the animal becomes rigid, and the animal becomes prominent plush.
To call her white cross or American cross, and also an American crested one. She has a white crested rosette on her forehead. The breed is relatively young, appeared in the 60s of the last century in America by accident. Among the cubs of a smooth-haired Dutch breed, cubs with a white rosette on their heads were found and breeders set to work. The very coloring of their bodies is far from white, on the contrary, excludes white colors in the main color.
The coloring can be either monophonic or another type, for example, tiger. English crosses – have a crest of the same color with the existing color.
There are only two naked or hairless pig breeds – skinny and baldwin. They are very popular among pets.
The pig’s skin is not completely naked, it has a little hair on its head and legs. I seem to have some more wool. Baldwin mumps are born completely covered with hair, but then somewhere on the fifth day of life they become completely bald. These are completely bald pigs.
In 1978, experimental studies were conducted in laboratories. This breed of about twelve years has been relatively recently discovered.
They do not have smooth skin, and the muzzle is enlarged and somewhat dull. The body of the skinny is somewhat full, it can be said plump, unlike other breeds. They remind us of little hippos and look very interesting.
Guinea pigs alpaca distinguished by their long, slightly curly hair. This American breed was obtained by crossing the Peruvian breed and Rex. There are two sockets on the back. On the heads there is a beautiful fringe, and in the area of the cheeks – fluffy whiskers. From 12 to 30 cm, it can be soft and silky. Color may be different.
Colors are considered valuable. lemon, buffalo, roan and cream. This breed has wide shoulders, the body is short and elastic, the muzzle is somewhat broad and rounded, hanging ears are quite large. Eyes wide set, rather big and shiny.
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Guinea pigs are in demand among pets because of their friendly nature, quick wits and unpretentiousness in care. This is a great choice for families with small children. In our article we give examples of the most popular types of guinea pigs, their photos and names, but we want to note that new ones should not begin acquaintance with this animal and long-haired variants.