As a rule, children adore small animals, and especially guinea pigs. Keeping such a pet is accompanied by pleasant troubles, but sometimes this joy can cause allergies to guinea pigs.
Patients until the last moment may not suspect that they are allergic to these animals. Negative manifestations can appear completely suddenly. Moreover, the development of diseases can develop rapidly, which requires emergency intervention of specialists.
Causes of Allergies
Allergy to the presence of guinea pigs has a number of distinctive features. Symptoms may cause allergies. In addition, with an increased sensitivity of the immune system to guinea pigs, a similar reaction to dust is characteristic.
The risk group includes people with a weakened immune system, as well as patients with frequent diseases and chronic diseases of the body. In this case, an allergy to the presence of guinea pigs occurs in 90% of cases.
Expected children. In this case, the source of the allergy is the specific smell that forms in the mumps cell. This is due to hormonal changes in the body of pregnant women, which significantly weakens the immune system.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of an allergy to guinea pigs can develop for individual reasons.
- frequent sneezing, rhinitis;
- allergic conjunctivitis;
- dry painful cough;
- urticaria and dermatitis;
- burning sensation and skin itching;
- labored breathing.
With complicated development of symptoms, anaphylaxis and Quincke’s edema, which extend to the respiratory tract, may prevent the penetration of oxygen into the lung system. Allergies to guinea pigs can cause death due to asphyxiation.
Diagnosis of diseases
One of the main diagnostic methods is an allergic test, which is performed using small scratches. Suspected allergen (previously diluted with distilled water). Such a test can help identify a specific allergen that provokes an acute attack of an allergy.
Conducting a blood test to determine the amount of IgE specific antibodies. With an increased amount of IgE antibodies, the doctor can examine the body for epidermal and animal guinea pig protein. In testing, this substance is classified as an allergen of the inhaled type E6.
Therapeutic measures for allergic reactions to guinea pig mainly suggest that symptomatic treatment is not possible, despite the effectiveness of allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT), which actively uses all types of allergies.
The traditional allergy to guinea pigs, as well as the other forms of this disease, are printed using antihistamines of the 2nd and 3rd generation, in which there are practically no side effects, such as drowsiness, headaches and loss of sight. Such drugs include Zyrtec, Telfast, Erius, etc. Despite the practical absence of a side effect, after the use of these drugs, they are prescribed with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding. No clinical trials were conducted in this group of patients, and no specialist with 100% certainty will say what could be
For fast elimination of toxins, it is recommended to take enterosorbents, which play the role of a kind of filter. Most often, Enterosgel is prescribed, which is a gel-like transparent mass, packed in a soft tube.
In the event that allergy symptoms occur with complications, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroids (Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone, etc.). The possibilities of use and complications must be taken into account.
The doctor determines an alternative therapy regimen using drugs for internal and external use. In addition, the body’s defenses and proper nutrition of an allergic attack (chocolate, citrus fruits, strawberries, etc.) are of great importance.
The most dangerous warning of an allergic reaction may be a complete cessation of the stomach. Moreover, if it was not painful, then it would be possible to find a pet of a new owner.
Otherwise, it is necessary to observe measures to reduce the level of allergens:
- A person prone to allergies needs to limit the time of contact with a pet as much as possible. In addition, do not place the cage in the bedroom or in the kitchen.
- The cage should be regularly treated with disinfectants.
- To reduce the spread of allergens with air currents, air purifiers must be used.
- A person should not be exposed to allergic manifestations, and if this condition is not fulfilled, it is necessary to protect the body (mask, gloves, a special dressing gown) from contact with the animal.
- The guinea pig should bathe daily, since water contains most of the allergens left on the skin and coat of the animal.
- After cleaning, feeding and talking with a pig, it is recommended to wash your hands and change clothes.
It should be understood that symptoms may not cause changes. Early access to medical care avoids undesirable consequences.