Guinea pig in your home. Maintenance, nutrition, health of the guinea pig.
Cells should be approximately 3-5 cm across the pallet.
Types of filler:
Wood granular filler (pellets)
In the production of waves (sawdust, bark, etc.) It enters the crusher, where it is ground to a state of flour. The resulting mass goes to the dryer, from it to the pellet mill, where wood flour is compressed into granules. As a bonding component, the natural component of wood is used – lignin, which glues particles upon reaching the temperature. Finished pellets are provided and packaged in plastic bags.
Granules excellent odor and moisture retention, economical.
Minuses: dusty, noisy, can lead to pododermatitis due to hardness.
Be sure to pour a thick layer of sawdust, paper or cotton filler, cluster or lay a PVC mat.
One of the most common filler options.
Of cons – much worse absorbing odors, quickly causing an allergic reaction (the most common symptoms are sneezing and itching) to the smallest, dusty particles present in any packaging of sawdust. Usually a small amount of dust is usually used as filler. All sharp wood chips must be used.
For the maintenance of pigs, it is necessary to use fillers made on the basis of cellulose or wood. Therefore, when buying, carefully read the composition of the granules. Do not use clumping fillers, as pigs like to try everything on the tooth. Causes intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal stasis, injuries of the esophagus, stomach.
It consists of crushed corn kernels and is of three types – a fine fraction, a large fraction and granules. Minuses: high price, can be covered with insects, larvae. Some owners report poor absorption. pros – hypoallergenic.
Suitable for falling asleep on granular wood. It absorbs moisture well, but quickly gets wet. Pros: does not injure the legs of pigs, hypoallergenic. However, some may dust.
Paper towels / Napkins / Toilet paper
Pros: no rattles, no dust, low price, affordability, hypoallergenic. Minuses: impracticality. The paper will be instantly wet.
Perhaps mixed use along with other filler.
It is by no means used for newspaper filler. Ink is very toxic.
It is easy and convenient to change, it is soft. Good to use for an aviary. Some put diapers under the filler for easy cleaning. Minuses: if the pig decides to gnaw it, it will quickly be gutted. Price.
Hay / straw
Hay is primarily food. There is a risk of digestive upset, as when wet in the hay, harmful bacteria develop. Neither hay nor straw absorbs moisture and does not restrain odor at all. It is possible to use the surface of the main filler.
In the West, it has been widely used as a litter-filler.
It is 100% polyester and differs slightly with different sides. Should not form spools on the surface after washing. You need to have 2-4 sets in stock.
Pros. It can be reused and reused.
Animals like this litter. It is pleasant to the touch, warm, despite this, the mumps is not overheated, dry, allows you to dig into the layers of tissue (imitation of holes).
It looks aesthetically pleasing and neat.
The probability of chewing on fleece, pellets, etc.
After the purchase, the segment needs to be washed 2-4 times (without rinse aid, it worsens the moisture permeability of the tissues!) And dried. Washing is needed to make the fabric more moisture permeable; after the first wash, the fleece will “sit down” and take its final size. Only then can you be assigned.
Fleece does not absorb urine, but passes through it. Therefore, under the fleece there should be an additional layer. The fleece surface remains dry. If this is due to a mistake: too many layers of fleece; the filler under the fleece does not retain moisture; the fabric was washed with rinse aid; before using the fleece is not washed several times.
Fleece is placed in 1-2 layers and 1-2 layers of towels or paper, or disposable diapers. The paper, but it quickly gets wet, does not hold odors. The most convenient – disposable diapers, however, the most expensive option. Towels are the most practical, but they need to be washed more often than the fleece kit itself. For towels, paper, disposable diaper.
The combined lining of fleece and lower layers keeps odors very well. The fight against odors helps to ensure the availability of toilet seats and, of course, timely cleaning (perishable waste, poop).
Minuses: cleaning. Fine garbage, hay, wool. Vacuum before washing. If you want to play it safe, you can first close your eyes to cells and animals.
If long threads or elongated loops protrude from the fabric.
As you can see, the ideal filler has not yet been invented. It depends on individual preferences.
Possible, most successful filler variations
– absorbent sawdust
– absorbent diaper fleece
– absorbent diaper paper filler
– absorbent cotton swaddle
– absorbent diaper pvc mat
– absorbent diaper
– absorbent fleece pellet diaper
– absorbent nappy pellets paper filler
– absorbent diaper granules cotton filler
– absorbent diaper granule pvc mat
– sawdust granules
– granules paper filler
– cotton filler granules
– fleece granules
– granule pvc mat
– granules sawdust mat pvc
– corn (the same option that can be used as a standalone product that requires softening with PVC / fleece / cotton / paper mats)
– paper (it can be used independently, a cluster on the surface, granules of wood and corn filler instead of sawdust, under a PVC / fleece mat)
– cotton (it can be used independently, a cluster on a diaper, the surface of granules, wood and corn filler instead of sawdust, under a PVC / fleece mat)