Generally Guinea pigs differ in good health and rarely get sick. If you get sick, then it’s difficult to recover. Signs of an onset of the disease, if you notice something is wrong, immediately bring the pig to the veterinarian.
In the next section, we list the main diseases. But remember, your best helper. veterinarian.
The normal body temperature of guinea pigs is in the range of 37.5. 39.5 ° C. An increase in temperature above 39.5 ° C indicates that your pet is sick. Animals hold their hands up. The thumb of the left hand is placed in the inguinal region so that the anus can be better seen, and the thermometer disinfected and lubricated with petroleum jelly is directly inserted into the rectum. Enter it in two steps. In horizontal position. The thermometer is used as a regular mercury medical or veterinary.
With good care and maintenance, the guinea pig lives up to eight. ten years.
Digestive system diseases in guinea pigs. Digestive system Guinea pigs are very prone to disorders due to the long intestines and the long passage of food through the intestines. Accordingly, owners of guinea pigs often bring animals with digestive tract disorders to veterinarians. The flora of intestinal sensitivity to a change in feed composition. We recommend producing it very slowly.
Salivary gland virus infection. Infection of guinea pigs with cytomegalovirus and Herpes virus occurs orally. Very often, the disease does not manifest itself. However, in some cases, temperature increases in guinea pigs and salivation increases. With such symptoms, no treatment is prescribed; the disease disappears itself, infected animals acquire immunity against cytomegalovirus.
Anomalies of the teeth. Often, due to congenital anomalies in the structure of the incisors, the teeth in pigs begin to grow freely in length, which impedes the normal intake of food. In this case, it is necessary to shorten the incisors with a sharp side cutter. You can also use the abrasive, which is mounted on the drill so that the teeth do not crack. In guinea pigs, the lower incisors are usually longer than the upper ones. It is necessary to treat animals. The teeth must be restored, it is necessary to repeat the therapy at regular intervals.
Very often, when the animal refuses to eat any food. Animals approach the feed, there are problems, but then wet from profuse salivation can be detected. When examining the oral cavity in the bags, leftovers of food are found. Due to the incorrect meaning in the upper and lower teeth and, therefore, improper depletion of food, they have hooks that are exposed during growth, and turn out into the mucous membrane of the mouth during growth. In extreme cases, the hooks of the right and left lower teeth can grow together in the oral cavity. They can be removed with scissors. Doubtful tongue holder and bifurcation using the jaw of an animal). Two pairs of scissors are introduced into the oral cavity, pushed to the side of the tongue. Light source illuminate the oral cavity from the inside. After you cleaned the remnants of food from the hooks on your teeth, they become clearly visible. Hold the tongue with one pair of scissors, the other. cut off the hooks. For this, it is recommended to use narrow scissors. Abscesses can form on the mucous membrane and tongue in places damaged by hooks. They need to be opened and treated with antibiotics. After removing the hooks, the wounded mucosa should be treated with a cotton swab soaked in salviatimol or camillosan. Animals begin to eat normally, since the mucous membrane of the oral cavity heals very quickly. However, repeat treatment should be repeated.