They require special careful care. Very friendly and completely non-invasive despite fearsome long teeth. Guinea pigs tend to become attached to humans. As a rule, they live 5-8 years, but they also meet those reaching 15 years of age. It depends a lot on pet care.
Conditions of detention
The guinea pig cage should be spacious and free. A low wide cage with a plastic bottom and a transparent removable top is quite suitable. Animals do not have to be locked up for days on end. From time to time he can be released around the room, but only under supervision. This can be dangerous for pigs, and drafts can trigger a cold. Given the natural conditions of living in holes, it is necessary to put a house in a cage that will mimic a mink.
It is recommended to use a corn filler for rodents. Sawdust, wood fillers, and hay are not desirable. Dust from them gets into your eyes and may forget your airways. Less bedding is necessary depending on the size and number of pets, but at least 1-3 times a week. This is a mandatory guinea pig care rule. A tube with a ball is suitable as a drinking bowl. Due to the fact that vitamin C is not produced in the animal’s body, it is necessary to add 1 ml of vitamin per 1 liter of water to it, however, such a mixture needs to be updated daily, since vitamins completely disintegrate in 24 hours.
The teeth are constantly growing. If this is not done, the pet may become ill and a visit to the veterinarian will be inevitable. To do this, a wooden stick is installed in the cage. It should be a cage, a feeding trough, a drinking bowl and even a house. A mineral-salt stone must always be present in the cell, which is the necessary calcium, minerals and vitamins.
In the summer, if you have a summer cottage, you can take it out to the countryside. The presence of guinea pigs must be specially equipped for this enclosure. In this case, the area of the pen should not overheat under the influence of sunlight.
If there is a summer house, the rodent can be led out on a harness to the street. In this area, it is better to choose parks with clean fresh grass and an unpredictable atmosphere. In addition, for the treatment of animals it is necessary to carry out deworming and treatment against skin parasites.
Feeding Guinea Pigs
Owners should carefully monitor the issue of diet selection. As a rule, most diseases in pigs are associated with malformed nutrition.
For good digestion, pigs should sometimes use their litter. This seems to be absurd, but this is not a pathology, but an absolutely normal phenomenon. In connection with the structural features of the gastrointestinal tract, the diet should consist of 80% of hay and rough dry food, as well as succulent food. fruits, vegetables, fresh grass should not be used as the main feed. It is better to choose those that are produced abroad. Choose fragrances without extraneous odors. They should always receive water. In particular, during the summer hot period.
Guinea pig breeds
Abyssinian guinea pigs – animals with short and stiff hair, forming many rosettes throughout the body.
Alpaca – curly long-haired pig with a hair length of about 18 cm. Direction of hair growth forward. Colors can be both plain and variegated.
American cross. raffle on the head.
American teddy – breed guinea pigs with medium length curly hair. Because of this, the animal seems soft and chubby.
English cross – smooth-haired pig with a crest on the head.
English color cross. smooth-haired pig, painted in black, white and gold.
Baldwin – Hairless guinea pigs that are born with hair, and from 5 days of age begin to lose it.
Smooth coat Most likely, it will be monochromatic, such and variegated.
Curly – breed with curly hair.
The crown. a pig with straight long hair without any whirls and rosettes, but with a single crown-rosette on its head.
Lunkaria Peruvian – pig with a long, curly, stiff coat.
Lunkaria Sheltie – guinea pig with stiff hair without sockets.
Merino – a pig with long hair and one rosette on its head.
Mini-play. alpaca-luncaria (Lulu rxrx).
Mohair – long-haired pig with curly curls.
Peruvian – long-haired pigs with hair length up to 50 cm.
Rex – breed with short, thick, dense curly hair.
Texel – mumps with a long, thick, elastic, curly coat.
Rosetti – short-haired, short-haired curly breed.
Satin Smooth – smooth-haired, short-haired pigs with uniform color.
Selfie – wool without swirls and rosettes with hanging ears.
Skinny – pig with almost bare skin. The hairline is stored only on the legs and on the face.
Somalia – rosette pig with structural rex hair.
Texels – pig with long, thick, elastic curly hair.
Sheltie – mumps with long, straight, silky hair, growing from the head.
Swiss teddy – wire-haired, short-haired pigs, similar to a ball of wool.