Guinea pig belongs to the mammal of the rodent order.
– calm and peaceful animals
– even a child
– these animals enjoyed by the well-deserved love of children.
– do not tolerate sudden temperature fluctuations.
Dimensions body length up to 3.5 cm.
Homeland of origin. Homeland. Peru. They prefer to inhabit the open spaces of foothill areas. They live in small groups in holes, pull them out themselves or occupy strangers. Twilight animals.
Guinea pigs were introduced to Europe in the 16th century by the Spaniards. Guinea pigs. not quite the right name, it would be more correct to call them overseas. In France, Spain, Italy, Portugal they are called Peruvian pigs, in Belgium. Indian, or mountainous, in England Guinean.
These animals are widely used as laboratory animals. There are a number of breeds that differ in the color and nature of the fur,
The characteristic structure of the legs of guinea pigs: on the hind legs 3, on the front. 4 fingers. They don’t have such catchy ones as domesticated ones. The natural blackish-brown color allows you to hide well from numerous enemies.
The man was torn into animals.
Smooth (or shorthair) guinea pig. Guinea pigs of this breed worked hard for science. They are widely distributed in laboratories and among amateurs.
Distinctive features: the coat is short, smooth and stiff. The color of the wool can be very diverse. The most common tricolor (red, black spots).
Longhair (or Angora) guinea pig. Distinctive features: the fur of animals is very fluffy and long. This is one of the funniest guinea pigs. At the meeting, the owner of these animals publish a long joyful squeak, trying to get closer to him.
Conditions of detention. These animals do not require special conditions when kept. They are not whimsical and not always happy with their life. It is convenient to care for animals in the presence of certain places. Spacious plywood box.
Creating a cosiness for animals, throw them large sawdust, paper. From this material they will make their own litter. The box in which the guinea pig lives disinfects 1. 2 times a week. These animals are very afraid of drafts and prefer warmth. The temperature should not be below 18. 20’C.
Feeding. The main food for guinea pigs is active plant foods. bran, various cereal seeds and greens. In the winter, they are given vegetables, crackers, hay. Raw potatoes should not be fed to guinea pigs. Vitamin and mineral dressing is added to the feed. Received succulent feed, guinea pigs do not need a plentiful drink; water can be replaced with a small amount of milk. Animals need to add to the feed small, bone meal, common salt-lick, ascorbic acid. 15-20 mg. Guinea pig is fed 2. 3 times a day.
Guinea pigs eat semi-liquid soups with great pleasure, but you should not get carried away with this food. All rodents have incisors, their front teeth grow all their lives. Guinea pigs are given solid food (dry, twigs, small). Growing, sharp bags fully satisfy the needs of the animal and lead to constant malnutrition. Only your veterinarian can help your pet.
A source: "Home zoo", Rodents (issue 1)