How To Care For A Guinea Pig

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Guinea pig – like a soft toy, only animate – easy to care for and easy to maintain. Genuine warmth will delight its tenderness for 5 to 15 years. But only under the condition of care and reciprocal love on your part. All children of primary school age had to spend a couple of toy animals on vacation.

Basic Guinea Pig Care Rules

Guinea pig is not only an animal for children’s fun. A small, fluffy animal gives pleasure even in the process of caring for it. To follow some guidelines for proper content:

How To Care For A Guinea Pig
  • feeding – from two to three times daily;
  • thorough cleaning of the cell – once a week;
  • litter change – once every three days;
  • combing the hair – once every three days (if desired, every other day);
  • cleaning feeders – daily;
  • nail cutting – once a year.

In addition, it is recommended that emergency measures be taken at the first need. Inspection is the timely identification of eye problems.

The pig needs to provide daily walks around the apartment. At the same time, be careful not to accidentally injure a small animal, but to learn from other pets. If you take precautions, you can check the strength of your teeth.

Animal nutrition

Despite the fact that the choice of food is quite diverse. Vegetables, fruits, hay and herbs. Treats include beets, carrots, oats, and various root crops. From herbs you can give dandelion, clover, nettle, yarrow. These are not enough healthy substances derived from natural feed. Provide the animal with added vitamin C in obtaining 1 mg of ascorbic acid per 1 ml of water, which must be changed every day. When kept at home, guinea pigs need vitamins C at 20 mg per day.

It is strictly forbidden to feed a rodent with damp and dirty foods, fruits, morning freshness, as well as sweets. But flax and sunflower seeds have a beneficial effect on the fur of a beautiful woman.

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The diet is important for the health of a pet. For daily feeding, observe one time in the morning and evening. Only for pregnant women should be excluded – transfer the animal to four meals a day. The food in the feeder should be constantly, as the guinea pig does not tolerate hunger.

I want them not to be scared. This phenomenon is normal for this type of animal.

Bathing pig

Despite the fact that the guinea pig, it is negatively related to water procedures. Therefore, you need to carry out as necessary. We can only the affected parts of the body of the animal. Water temperature should not exceed 38 degrees. Be careful because the pig’s head cannot be wetted. After finishing the procedure, wrap the animal in a towel and wipe it. Use of the hair dryer is allowed, especially when your nursery is from a long-haired breed.


Shorthair guinea pigs take care of themselves. Using their own teeth, they comb and thus clean their fur. If not occasionally, then go through it with a special brush. During molting, mainly in autumn and spring, it is necessary to comb the hair twice a week.

And here is the long-haired animal will have to take care of the owner. This procedure is necessary not only for the aesthetic type of massage, but also for the companion of wool. If, nevertheless, the image should fall off a lump, carefully cut it with scissors.

The greatest trouble is the Angora breed. Its length is about 20 cm, and it is necessary to comb two or even three times a week. With the regularity of such procedures, the coat becomes silky. And for the summer season, you can cut the hair, thus facilitating the long-haired coat of a pig.

  • soft brush for small animals;
  • comb with sparse teeth;
  • metal brush;
  • scissors.
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Claw Care

There should be not only fashionable, but also guinea pigs. The animal does not have the ability to grind them naturally. This leads to the fact that the owner takes them periodically. The procedure is not pleasant for the animal, but for its owner. This stage of care requires utmost care and certain knowledge. The upper zone is “living”, it is here that the nerve endings and blood vessels of the pigs are located. This can lead to additional problems. A wound can cause infection and heal for a long time.

Claw care begins as early as one year of age with a frequency of one to two times each year. One cannot do without outside help. Someone has to stick with a little animal. People with many years of experience recommend illuminating the bottom of the claws with a flashlight for convenience. Then a clear boundary of the permissible trimming is visible. If you are in the blood vessels, you do not bleed, and in case of infection in the cell.

Dental care

All in rodents. Because long teeth interfere with high-quality food intake and can injure the tongue. Provide your pet with the opportunity to nibble on something solid. For example, grain or tree branches (preferably fruit).

In some cases, you have to go to the veterinarian to shorten the incisors. The reason is usually the congenital arrangement of the teeth. Plan about once every three months.

Eye care

When examining a guinea pig daily, pay close attention to your eyes. If they are clean, without secretions, this is an indicator of the animal’s healthy state. If there is the slightest change, obvious or even stained, wipe them with soft paper towels and analyze what was the result of this ailment. The animal does not like drafts; it can transfer the cage to a more protected place. With repeated repetition of deviations from the norm requires the help of a specialist who will prescribe eye drops.

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Ear cleaning

Ear cleaning is one of the important things to take care of. Checked for tick and cleanliness using a paper towel. Do not use ear buds or cotton swabs. This is a signal for the intervention of a veterinarian. This can lead to an unforeseen illness.


Guinea pigs, like any living organism, are susceptible to various types of diseases, although they rarely get sick. You should take action already when one of the symptoms appears,

  • cough;
  • lying down with eyes closed;
  • tight breathing;
  • increased thirst;
  • the hair is tousled or falls out;
  • small tremors;
  • runny nose;
  • loose stools;
  • cramps.

If these or other signs of the disease appear, you can try it yourself (if you are confident in your abilities).

First, disinfect the cells. To make the solution slightly pink, add two to three drops of potassium permanganate. Cleanse the stomach by giving a tablespoon of castor oil. Introduce a strict diet, but incisors are not allowed to grow.

Nevertheless, the most reliable option is a visit to a veterinary clinic or a call to a veterinarian at home.

As you can see, caring for guinea pigs is straightforward. It seems like a lot of trouble. The main thing – when buying, choose a fluffy beast with shiny hair, clean and dry eyes, even more pleasant worries will fall on you. You will receive a grateful and funny little animal in the face of a healthy pet.