Guinea pigs are domesticated rodents. A distinctive property of rodents is the structure of their teeth. They constantly grow and grow when eating solid foods – twigs, hay and bark. At home, there may not be enough solid feed offered, which can lead to malocclusion and other oral problems.
How many teeth does a guinea pig have
For pigs, the presence of 20 teeth is considered normal, although they can have from 12 to 22. The front part is covered with enamel, so they constantly grind in the process. The growth rate is about 0.3-0.8 mm per day.
The normal condition of the teeth corresponds to the properties of:
- the length of the lower ones is greater than the upper ones;
- the upper jaw is straight over the lower;
- all molars are cut evenly;
- the upper ones bend slightly inward.
How to care for your teeth
Teeth do not require special care. They grow due to the presence of thin branches in my diet. This proves that the pet’s good appetite.
But if a remark is required that the pet eats carefully, or has begun to avoid certain types of food, then the help of a veterinarian is needed.
Possible teeth problems in guinea pigs
The main dental problems are:
- broken – as a result of a fall, due to a lack of calcium;
- too sharp – due to lack of vitamins, they do not have time to grow;
- displaced – age-related changes in the oral cavity;
- long – Due to the lack of solid food, they do not have time to grind off and begin to grow into the cheek.
Pathology can lead to an inflammatory process in the oral cavity, therefore, requires a mandatory visit to the doctor. They are poorly visible, and when you try to get to them you can injure the jaw of a pet.
Broken or broken tooth
With a broken tooth, they go to the doctor in the following situations:
- its edge touches soft tissues.
The treatment consists of leveling the edge under local anesthesia. Within 2 weeks, calcium and vitamins must be added to the diet.
Malocclusion occurs in 3–10% of pigs. Pathology can be associated with genetic characteristics, trauma, malnutrition. It is impossible to correct genetic disorders, the animal will need to file them periodically.
All other options are eliminated according to the scheme:
- surgical adjustment;
- physiological alignment of the position of the teeth;
- proper nutrition.
Correction of malocclusion is carried out using a fixing bandage. The pressure in the teeth depends on the fact that the teeth begin to grow normally. Sometimes they are pre-filed and put on a retainer to even out the bite.
It is impossible to independently determine the fact of lengthening of the roots. And if he has problems with chewing machines. Diagnosis based on x-ray. Elongated roots, as an imprint of patch dressing superimposed.
It is impossible to determine the problem by eye, because the molars that are located deep in the jaw are most concerned about the mumps. They have individual and pedigree features.
Too long teeth
Too long teeth under local anesthesia grind and grind. After 1-2 weeks, the doctor conducts a checkup of the oral cavity. Sometimes it may take several seams at regular intervals.
This is necessary in order not to violate the correctness of the bite. In the diet, it is recommended to increase the amount of solid feed during this period.
An abscess begins due to damage to the soft tissues by the “wrong” tooth: incorrectly growing, too long, etc. The treatment consists of correcting the tooth, cleaning the mouth from pus exudate.
The doctor determines the additional drug treatment depending on the specific situation. After the procedure, feed only with liquid feed using a syringe. Within 1-2 weeks.
Prevention of dental problems in guinea pigs
Preventive measures include the following:
- adding solid feeds to the diet – hay and twigs;
- provide treatment of mumps with vitamin C and calcium;
- prevent injury to the pet;
- Do not cross closely related individuals.
Insure against causes, cause problems and take action. These problems are easily fixed.