Guinea pigs are unpretentious in maintenance. With strong immunity, they rarely get sick. But sometimes mumps develop tumors. The reason for this lies in genetic mutations that are inherited. As a rule, oncological problems lend themselves to successful treatment if the tumor is benign and diagnosed at an early stage.
The health of the mumps largely depends on the conditions of detention. These animals require a spacious cage (30×40 cm and a height of 50 cm). Inside they put a house, toys, a wheel, ladders – objects that will provide the pet with an active pastime. As litter use special or special fillers. The cage and bowls must be washed regularly.
On average, guinea pigs live 8 years. They have strong immunity, so they rarely get sick. In general, rodent diseases are divided into the following categories:
- mechanical damage caused by a fall, shock, bite of another animal;
- infection transmitted by bacteria, viruses, parasites;
- Diseases caused by a violation of the diet or maintenance: problems with digestion, obesity, etc.
- genetic pathologies.
A swine in a guinea pig is not uncommon. Unfortunately, their appearance is mainly due to genetic reasons.
Malignant and benign tumors
The main cause of tumors in pigs is genetic. If you have cancerous tumors. There is a theory that cancer is most often affected by special diseases caused by improper nutritional effects. Externally, the tumor looks like a bump on the back, neck or elsewhere. If such a formation is noticed on the body of the pet, then the animal must show the veterinarian.
Malignant tumors are characterized by rapid growth and the appearance of metastases (the spread of new tumors throughout the body). They grow in different places, often on the mammary glands or testes. Benign formations are surrounded by a partition that does not allow them to grow. It has become possible. Incurable tumors are the basis for euthanasia. If necessary, pigs require regular doses of pain medication and constant care.
An abscess is a purulent abscess on the body. It was a result of physical trauma: an injection from sawdust, branches, a strong bruise. Damage triggers inflammation in organs or other soft tissues. For example, due to the growth of teeth at the roots, bumps appear on the cheek. In the process of inflammation, pus accumulates, which forms an abscess. Over time, the abscess opens and pus comes out.
An abscess printed using their ointment or iodine grid. These actions help pus "mature" faster. When the abscess is opened, it takes solutions of chlorhexidine or an anti-inflammatory ointment until it is completely recovered. At the same time, the pet is given vitamin C to speed healing. An abscess can be opened at the veterinarian under sterile conditions and taking into account pain relief. Incorrect treatment leads to the fact that the formation grows and opens inside the body, releasing pus into the bloodstream.
Tumors of Guinea Pigs with Tumors
There are many diseases that lead to the formation of tumors. A lump on the neck is a sign of lymphosarcoma, which involves the tightening of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits and groin. Over time, the liver and spleen are affected. If there is no treatment or no positive result, lymphosarcoma is fatal.
Lung cancer causes benign adenoma – a tumor on the back or on the sides. Diagnosis is carried out using x-rays. Of the external signs, shortness of breath is observed. In the early stages it is easily managed by surgery. In the late stage, it is incurable: the formation captures most of the lung tissue and becomes inseparable. In addition to lung cancer, a lump appearing on the side may indicate the development of liver or kidney cancer. The disease is accompanied by a lack of appetite, lethargy, as well as bloody discharge from the anus or genitals.
Breast tumors are common in guinea pigs. They are found in both females and males (their mammary glands are present in their infancy). They are usually benign and do not leave metastases in other organs. The lesions are excised during surgery. At risk are special elderly people – older than 5 years. The disease should be suspected if the pet has a lump on the stomach. In some cases, images of fistulas and abscesses.
Osteosarcoma – the formation of growths on the ribs and bones of the limbs. Typically, such pathologies are malignant in nature and suggest the amputation of the affected limb if metastases in the internal organs are absent.
Lipoma and wen in a guinea pig belong to a benign formation. Outwardly, they look like dense cones under the skin. They do not require surgery. In any case, the decision on the need for surgery is made by the veterinarian after a biopsy.
Consult your veterinarian
Tumor growth cannot be stopped without the help of a veterinarian. The doctor conducts a medical examination that helps determine the presence and type of cancer. Timely contacting a specialist increases the chance of all initial treatment to 70%. In case a pig with a tumor lives no more than three years. Therefore, you should not waste time treating your pet with "folk" means like a hemlock or vegetable oil.
After surgery, the animal is prescribed a course of drugs aimed at restoring immunity and stopping the spread of infection.
Mumps are difficult to tolerate serious surgery. Regular preventive examinations help 1-2 times a year to prevent complex pet treatment. The examination reveals the disease at an early stage, when treatment requires less effort and cost.
The appearance of tumors is a serious pathology. Even benign formations are fatal if treated. Preventing serious consequences helps regular visits for a routine inspection. The owner must pay attention to the health and appearance of the pet in order to catch the alarming signs.