Herbivorous mammals love to feast on fruits and vegetables, but not all products of plant origin are equally useful for the body of rodents.
Distinguish the basic principles of nutrition, as well as useful and harmful vegetables and fruits, permissible in the nutrition of guinea pigs.
In the wild, guinea pigs, fruits, berries and leaves. The main source of uninterrupted operation of the digestive tract is fiber.
At home, the diet is based on:
IMPORTANT! Granular feed should be a minimal part of the diet.
Fruits and vegetables per day. Food is provided in small pieces and is killed in case of malnutrition. Overripe or rotten foods will cause digestive problems.
Vitamin C, which is responsible for the functioning of connective and bone tissues, has to be searched for from the outside, since their body is not able to produce it on its own.
Guinea pigs are very fond of apples, cucumbers and carrots
Ascorbic acid enters the body from plant foods, including fresh vegetables (broccoli, bell pepper), which make up at least 1 tea cup per day.
Among the vegetables that can be given to guinea pigs should be:
- Zucchini. Rich in vitamins, minerals and pectins that normalize intestinal motility.
- Carrot. Positively affects the condition of the skin and coat, visual and auditory function. In addition to the root crop, it is allowed to feed the tops. Contained beta-keratin (vitamin A) when urinating, an orange tint.
- Bell pepper. Due to the amount of harmful nitrates. As a food, only sweet varieties are allowed, and acute ones lead to irritation of the mucous membranes.
- Pumpkin. Rich in zinc and acting as a preventative against helminthiases.
- Cucumbers. Low-calorie, anti-inflammatory and facilitate fat absorption. A large amount of nitrates is small.
- Fresh peas. It is recommended to feed pets only with fresh pods. Dried grains should not be consumed.
- Cabbage. Requires competent control. It is introduced gradually to avoid excessive gas formation. It is rich in sulfur, synthesizing collagen and giving shine to wool.
- Swede. Helps with constipation, relieves peristalsis and has a diuretic content. It is supposed to be consumed in the winter, when the choice of vegetables becomes limited.
- Jerusalem artichoke. The use of root crops enriched in starches should be limited to avoid intestinal upsets. The remaining parts, rich in fiber and protein, are allowed on an ongoing basis.
Controversial and dangerous vegetables include:
- Tomatoes. In a green (immature) video supplement, tops are also not recommended. Ripe tomatoes, which contain a large amount of vitamins, can be included in the diet. Avoid tomato abundance, causing an upset bowel.
- Potatoes. Another vegetable rich in poisonous solanine and starchy substances.
- Melon. The development of diabetes is dangerous due to the abundance of sugars.
- Radish and radish. Essential oils irritate the mucous membranes and provoke bloating.
- Beetroot. It has a weak value. Not recommended for pregnancy, lactation and age
Guinea pig fruit is strictly dosed.
This is due not only to the full part of the diet, but also to serious problems.
Of all the fruits, without strict restrictions, guinea pigs can only be consumed as apples. They normalize the digestive processes and remove toxins. Bones are subject to mandatory removal, as they contain toxic toxins.
Among the berries are allowed to use:
- Grape. The abundance of fiber and vitamin B has a positive effect on the body. Thanks to the pleasant taste, the animal eats berries with great pleasure.
- Watermelons. Only the flesh is fed to animals. Crusts accumulate nitrites and are considered dangerous. Due to the diuretic effect, the amount eaten is minimized.
- Mountain ash. Chamomile replenishes vitamins C and P, and red – carotene.
Controversial and dangerous berries and fruits include:
- Citrus. Irritating to mucous membranes and provoking allergic reactions.
- Strawberry. It is fraught with an excess of vitamin C, leading to allergies, diarrhea, gastritis and ulcers. It is given in tiny doses no more than 1-2 times a week.
- Bananas. Replenish glucose and fiber, but because of the high calorie content and sugars are consumed to a minimum.
IMPORTANT! When compiling a diet, note that sea rodents are herbivores. Meat and dairy products are not digested by their bodies and pose a serious danger.
Bones from apples must be removed
The nutrition of guinea pigs should be balanced and exclude hunger strikes. Not enough food left over leads to rapid dehydration, which depletes the body.
Vegetables and fruits, rich in vitamins and minerals, help to normalize the water-salt balance and increase the resistance of the immune system.